Home Technology & Science Computer What are the types of Motherboards?

What are the types of Motherboards?

types of Motherboards

There are many types of Motherboards, but you need to understand them before choosing that. Here we are going to brief details about this.

Types of Motherboards

ATX Motherboard

Intel launched their ATX motherboards around the mid-1990s, as an improvement over the AT motherboards used before. The motherboards that were released distinguish themselves from AT counterparts as they permit the interchangeability of the components that are connected.

In addition, as these motherboards’ dimensions are less than AT motherboards it has enough space for drive bays. The connector system on the board was also upgraded. The backplates of AT motherboards, slots were made available for different accessories.

The motherboard, which remains in use to this day it is the most favored motherboard to date, and a number of different form factors were built on it. The features on the ATX motherboard are:

Pico BTX Motherboard

A Pico BTX motherboard design is used to manufacture less compact BTX regular cards. It is less than currently “micro” sized motherboards; therefore”Pico” is the word that “Pico” has been used. These motherboards share a top half as the other sizes of the BTX series, however, they can only be used with two or one expansion slot that is made for riser or half-height applications.

In the beginning, it was believed that it was initially thought that the ATX, as well as BTX motherboards, had a form factor so identical that the transfer of the BTX motherboard into the ATX case was feasible.

Later on, however, the BTX design was changed into a mirror image that was based on an ATX standard. In comparison with ATX, BTX motherboards are “left-side up” instead of upside-down. They are positioned to the other side.

Many computer cases, such as those that are part of the Cooler Master Series (Stackers) were made available so that users could build motherboards without having to purchase a brand new case. But all slots and connectors are the same for all devices, such as PCI(e) cards RAM, processors, and hard drives, among others. buy used laptops online in India.

BTX power supplies are able to be swapped by ATX 12V models, however, they cannot be exchanged with the earlier ATX power supplies that do not have the extra connector for 12V that is 4-pin.

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Mini ITX Motherboard

Mini-ITX is a 6.7-by-6.7 inches low-power motherboard. It was created in 2001 by VIA Technologies 2001. They are mostly employed for small-form-factor (SFF) computing systems. Mini-ITX motherboards can also be quickly cooled because of their low power consumption design. This is extremely beneficial for home theater PC systems as well as systems where noise from fans could affect your movie experience.

There are four holes for mounting on the Mini-ITX motherboard are aligned to the same four-hole found on ATX specification motherboards. Additionally, the positions on the backplate as well as the expansion slot are identical. However, one of the holes was not available for earlier models of ATX. Therefore, Mini-ITX boards could be used in areas specifically made specifically for ATX micro-ATX and other ATX variations if needed.

An expansion slot available for the Mini-ITX format, is equivalent to the standard 33 5V 32-bit PCI slot at 5 MHz. Certain cases utilize riser card slots, while some come with two riser cards, even though the riser cards with two slots cannot be used on all boards.

Some boards that are based on processors that are not x86-compatible have a 3.3V PCI slot. Likewise, Mini-ITX 2.0 (2008) boards come with the PCI Express x16 slot. PCI riser cards that come with cases are not compatible with these boards. Check out gtx 750 ti price in India

Nano ITX Motherboard

This motherboard is much less bulky than the Mini ITX board. This board measures 4.7-by-4.7 inches. These are fully integrated boards specifically designed to consume a small amount of energy. They can be found on various devices, but it is typically included in devices that offer smart entertainment, such as smart TVs, automobile devices Media centers, PVRs and much more.

Pico ITX Motherboard

The motherboard that we have here is the smallest size that we have discussed in the article. The Pico ITX motherboard only measures 3.9-by-2.8 inches. It is about 75 percent smaller than Mini ITX. VIA Technologies designed this board specifically for the IoT market and devices are getting smaller and smaller as time passes by.

It’s an x86 based platform with very low energy consumption. It is a great option for embedded systems such as in-vehicle computers manufacturing automation, electronic signature, and many more.


If you’ve learned more about motherboards, including older boards that are no longer used now, you’ve got an idea of what to make your dream computer or the IoT device. They have advanced from the original IBM XT board. Selecting the correct motherboard is a crucial component of building your computer.

A well-built motherboard will be used for a long period of time and can go through numerous updates so long as you plan for it. You can upgrade your CPU, add memory or upgrade your GPU, upgrade your hard drives and make other modifications as technology advances. How much you can take advantage of your upgrades will depend on the motherboard you choose.

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